What to study to be a Financial Analyst

If you have a good brain for numbers, you may want to make a career as a financial analyst. These professionals track stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments and make recommendations based on their research.

They often work for banks, investment houses, brokers, insurance agencies and similar institutions. If you prioritize education, you can create a lucrative career in this industry, particularly if you enjoy high-risk situations and high rewards. In the next post, we tell you what to study to be a Financial Analyst.

What does a Financial Analyst do

Financial analysts examine financial data and use their findings to help companies make business decisions. Often, this analysis is about investment. More specifically, financial analysts investigate macroeconomic and microeconomic conditions along with the company’s fundamentals to make predictions about companies, sectors and industries. They also usually recommend a course of action, such as buying or selling a company’s stock based on its overall performance and outlook.

An analyst should be aware of current developments in the field in which he specializes, as well as in the preparation of financial models to predict future economic conditions for any number of variables.

Types of Positions

The field of financial analysis is broad, with a variety of job titles and professional careers. Within the financial/investment industry, three main categories of analysts are those for whom they work:

  • Buying companies (investment houses that manage their own funds)
  • Sales companies
  • Investment banks

Buying companies: Working in purchasing position

Most financial analysts work on what is known as the purchase side. They help their employers make decisions about how to spend their money, whether that means investing in stocks and other securities for an internal fund, buying income properties (in the case of a real estate investment company) or allocating marketing dollars.

Some analysts do their job not for a specific employer, but for an external company that provides financial analysis to their clients. This shows the value of what a financial analyst does; An entire industry exists around you.

Sales companies: Working in sales position

In a company on the sales side, analysts evaluate and compare the quality of the securities in a given sector or industry. Based on this analysis, they then write research reports with certain recommendations, such as “buy”, “sell”, “buy strong”, “sell strong” or “keep”.

They also track the shares that are in a fund’s portfolio to determine when or if the fund’s position in those shares should be sold. The recommendations of these research analysts have a lot of weight in the investment industry, even with those working within buying companies.

Investment banks: Working in a banking analysis position

Analysts in investment banking companies often play a role in determining whether certain agreements between companies, such as initial public offerings (IPOs), mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are feasible, based on corporate fundamentals.

Analysts assess current financial conditions, and rely heavily on modeling and forecasting to make recommendations on whether a given merger is appropriate or not for the client of that investment bank or if a client should invest venture capital in a business.

Education and Requirements

Compared to many well-paid careers, the qualifications to become a financial analyst are much less rigid and well defined. Unlike law and medicine, there are no educational minimums for the entire career.

The fact that you face a required license will depend on factors, such as your employer and your specific job duties.

That said, at present, a bachelor’s degree, preferably with a major in economics, finance or statistics, has become a de facto requirement to become a financial analyst.

Other specializations that are considered favorably include accounting and mathematics, and even biology and engineering, if one wishes to specialize in analyzing those industries.

Apart from this, and regardless of the education with which you have been trained, a successful career as a financial analyst requires strong quantitative skills, expert ability to solve problems, ability to use logic and communication skills above average. Financial analysts must analyze the data, but they must also report their findings to their superiors in a clear, concise and persuasive manner.

Steps to become a financial analyst

Here are a series of steps you must follow to become a financial analyst.

Step 1: Get a bachelor’s degree

If you are currently enrolled in college and are working to get your bachelor’s degree, you are already on your way to a career as a financial analyst.

Most of the current financial analysts pursued a specialization related to finance, such as accounting, statistics or economics; However, that is not necessarily a prerequisite.

It is recommended that you take business, economics, accounting and math courses in your undergraduate program, as they will be necessary for this career.

Step 2: Complete an internship

While this is not mandatory, it is strongly recommended that you do a financial analyst internship. This will help you get a realistic picture of the career and understand the type of work you can expect day by day in this field.

Read also: Financial Intermediaries: Characteristics, Functions, Types and Examples

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Internships will also give you the opportunity to establish contacts with existing financial analysts and potentially find a mentor.

Step 3: Find a job

Once you graduate with a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, you can look for job offers for degrees such as junior financial analyst or entry-level financial analyst.

Positions like these are often under the guidance of a senior analyst who will help you see how the industry works.

Step 4: Get an advanced degree

If you are not a graduate student of MBA (Master of Business Administration) or do not have a specialization in economics as a university student, you may consider studying for licensing exams to manage financial values.

These are a set of exams that accredit a person to be able to make sales or purchases of bonds, securities or any other type of investment. In the US they are called exams of the series 7 and 63.

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