When we think of our career in psychology, the image of our offices and therapy sessions comes to mind. Psychology does take care of our mental health and through psychotherapy, we treat various emotional and personality disorders.
However, this is just one of the roles a psychologist can perform. Psychology is a very broad area that covers human relations, quality of life, professional orientation, personal satisfaction and family counseling, among others.
If you are thinking of pursuing a career in psychology, see what it takes to become a psychologist. Find out in which areas you can work after graduation and how much this professional earns!
What does it take to become a psychologist?
To perform duties as a psychologist requires a bachelor’s degree in Psychology in a course recognized by the Ministry of Education.
In addition to the diploma, it is mandatory to obtain a professional registration with the Regional Council of Psychology in your respective countries.
What areas can a psychologist work in?
Know the main areas in which a psychologist can work:
- Clinical psychology
In the clinical area the psychologist provides consulting services, which can be individual or in groups. He interviews patients and applies assessment techniques to make the diagnosis. Psychotherapy aims to reduce people’s suffering and help them cope with emotional problems or mental disorders.
The psychologist uses various intervention techniques to treat patients of all ages. Some of them are: playful psychotherapy, psychomotor therapy, art therapy, couple, family psychotherapy, etc.
- Educational Psychology
In educational institutions, the goal of psychologists is to improve student performance and to ensure that they have the necessary conditions for learning.
Those who choose to work in this field work with the school board, participating in the preparation of pedagogical projects, teaching policies and the creation and reformulation of curricula.
The psychologist studies the behavior of students in relation to the educational system. Acts in cases where the student has some learning disability or special needs. It is he who recommends appropriate teaching programs for each situation.
Educational psychology also involves vocational and vocational guidance. The psychologist applies aptitude tests and helps the student make a conscious choice of career path.
- Work Psychology
The role of the psychologist within a company is to create a healthy environment and improve the relationship between people, keeping employees motivated and satisfied with their work.
This professional normally works in the Human Resources department. Their tasks may involve recruiting and selecting candidates for a job, welcoming and training new employees, identifying skills and verifying their growth, developing career plans and evaluating staff performance, among others.
Part of your job is to minimize potential conflicts and prevent work-related illnesses such as stress.
- Juridical Psychology
In the field of justice, the psychologist collaborates in the planning and implementation of citizenship, human rights and violence prevention policies. It can perform several tasks, such as:
- To evaluate the emotional and intellectual conditions of children, adolescents and adults involved in legal proceedings.
- Prepare reports and opinions to be attached to the processes.
- Participate in hearings to clarify technical aspects in the area of Psychology.
- Assess the personality of persons involved in proceedings and issue reports and opinions to the competent authorities.
- Provide psychological care to those seeking the Family Court to resolve conflicts.
- Advise judicial authorities in referring people to psychological therapies.
- Acting in the prison system, developing education and work programs for detainees and preserving the mental health of prisoners and their families.
- Accompany detainees who are on probation.
- Sport Psychology
In this area the psychologist investigates how emotional factors affect the performance of athletes. The goal is to make the athlete achieve a great level of personal fulfillment and mental health so that this is positively reflected in their performance.
The sports psychologist does not work alone. He works with physical trainers, technicians and, in some cases, even with family members.
Psychological care is constant, but the techniques used vary according to the moment the athlete is passing: whether he is in a competition, preparing for an event that will happen in the long term or even recovering from an injury.
- social Psychology
It is the psychology applied to social work. The psychologist works in community organizations helping individuals and groups overcome difficulties.
One of the objectives is to combat delinquency and, for this, the professional organizes educational, recreational and social activities in community centers.
Researchers in this area study the psychosocial characteristics of religious, ethnic, cultural, etc. groups.
- Hospital Psychology
The hospital psychologist works in health institutions. The goal is to improve the physical and emotional well-being of all people involved in medical care: patients, family members, nurses, doctors, etc.
Patients are monitored to minimize the emotional repercussions of hospitalization and are psychologically prepared to face future medical procedures.
The hospital staff also receives psychotherapeutic care and the psychologist participates in decisions regarding the conduct that will be adopted with patients.
Job market for psychologists
Here are some places where Psychology professionals can work:
- Health centers and posts
- Doctor’s offices
- Child Care & Day Care
- Community Associations
- Child and Teenager Sticks
- Family Sticks
- Penitentiary system
- Sports Associations
- Rehabilitation Centers