Do you know what a review is? Have you ever written one? Basically, it is a constructive criticism about a work, which can be: a book, a movie, a videogame … But what are the parts of a review?
In this article, in addition to explaining what a review is, we explain what its parts are and what each one consists of. Finally, we propose a series of guidelines to prepare a good review.
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What is a review?
Before explaining what the parts of a review are and what characteristics each one of them has, let’s explain what a review consists of.
A review is a written or informative text about a literary, cinematographic work … It is a constructive critique of it, a kind of evaluation, which can be positive or negative (depending on its author).
Its extension is rather short. In it we can find different elements of this work: summary, ideas of the same, concepts, relevant aspects, comments, analysis … In addition, we also find the personal opinion of the author of the review itself.
The reviews may vary greatly from one author to another, depending on the type of the same and also depending on the work in question being analyzed. However, the parts of a review are usually the same (although there may be small variations from one review to another).
Parts of a review
Now, let’s see what the parts of a review are, as well as their fundamental characteristics.
The first part of the review is the title. The title usually includes a short phrase that summarizes the work being analyzed; Ideally, it should not be too long, cause some impact on the reader and arouses curiosity to read the review.
On the other hand, it is recommended that the title is not simply the title of the work treated, but that it be accompanied by other words (we should also avoid putting the title “review” without further ado).
2. Header or datasheet
The second part of a review is the heading or the technical sheet (also called bibliographic reference). Here we will find the title of the work reviewed, as well as the relevant data of the same, such as:
- Publisher/record company …
- Number of pages
- Place and year of edition/production
The data in the data sheet will be sorted according to the citation rules for bibliographic references, specific to each sector.
3. Summary of the work to review (comment)
The third part of the review consists of a kind of “synopsis” of the work or movie in question. Thus, it describes the original work, in a synthesized way. Includes data such as: background of the author, objectives of the work, sources, structure, content, techniques used, etc. The order of presentation of these elements may vary from one author to another.
We will see, in summary, what each of these elements included in the summary consists of:
The background includes relevant data of the author of the reviewed work; for example thematic that usually treats, languages that it dominates, works realized previously, professional trajectory, etc.
Strategies are the methods and techniques used by the author of the work, to perform it. It includes the investigations carried out, the phases to gather information, etc.
From them comes much of the information collected by the author to carry out his work.
The objective is the purpose of the work, its purpose. What did the author intend to achieve with his work?
Here the author of the review exposes the theme of the work, its plot, the events that occurred in it, etc.
3. 6. Organization / structure
Finally, in the organization or structure we find the order of the events of the work (chapters, scenes, maps, etc.).
4. Critical commentary of the work
The next part of a review is the critical comment of the work; It consists of a series of explanations and arguments to “defend” or “praise” the original work, or, on the contrary, “criticize it”.
It would be a kind of argumentative text, and constitutes the most important part of the review. Here the author analyzes the work critically (both positively and negatively), and exposes his arguments or ideas to do so. That is why in this part the arguments take a very important weight (these must be solid).
Thus, the critical comment highlights the weaknesses of the work and its strengths .
In the section of the conclusions, another part of a review, the above information is included, but in a synthesized way, and with a series of comments or ideas added that the author logically extracts following his arguments and of the work itself.
That is to say, the opinion and judgment of the author is included, referring especially to the weak and strong points of the work already mentioned.
In that section, the author of the review includes his point of view as to whether or not to recommend such work. In addition, you can also recommend your own review and explain why. As for the work, in this part the author includes the reasons to see/read/ listen to it, or the reasons for not doing so. It is a very personal section.
7. Identification of the reviewer
The last of the parts of a review is the identification of its author . Here relevant information of the same or the same is shown, including his professional career, other reviews, etc.
Also included are your contact information (e-mail, social networks, Internet profile …), all depending on the author’s own choice. The fact that your contact information is included makes it easier for readers to comment or respond to your review.
How to make a good review?
We’ve known the different parts of a review, but would you dare to write one?
Are you considering writing a review, or do you simply want to improve the reviews you already make? We suggest some tips or steps that can help you write a good review (ideally follow them in order) :
- Choose a work and a theme that motivates you (n).
- Look closely at how the work is structured.
- Determine which elements are key in the work.
- Investigate about its author.
- Investigate what strategies the author has used to carry out his work.
- Visualize (or read, listen …) the work in detail.
- Write down the most relevant data of it, as well as ideas that may arise.
- Organize your notes.
- Make a brief script about the points you want to discuss in your review.
- Start writing the draft.
- Use correct language and well-founded arguments.
- Correct the review and review it carefully.
- Make the changes you deem necessary, do not hurry.
You can now submit your review!