During pregnancy, we experience many changes in our body. The gut grows, we are more sensitive and we begin to feel uncomfortable with certain aspects. One of these is nausea, which is common at this stage. Others, small stomach cramps that often scare us. Abdominal pain in pregnancy or lower abdominal pain in pregnancy does not have to be bad, but it is necessary to answer some questions about it.
In principle, it is normal to suffer small cramps during pregnancy. In the first stage, they are quite frequent, as in the last months the contractions are. If they are sporadic and the pain is mild, there is no reason to worry.
They may also be due to gas or constipation caused by certain gestational hormones that slow down digestion. It can also happen that the ligaments that support the uterus have been stretched, something that happens sometimes if you have been doing sports or abruptly changing movements.
When is abdominal pain not normal in pregnancy?
If the pain is strong and persistent, it is best to see your doctor as soon as possible. If it also includes fever, vomiting or other worrisome symptoms, it means that something is possibly not going well. You may have a virus or infection, so it is necessary that you be treated by a sanitary immediately.
There are a number of serious problems that can cause abdominal pain in pregnancy. Some of them, such as peritonitis or appendicitis, are not related to pregnancy. In the case of the second, it is the inflammation of the appendix and usually requires a simple operation. If it is the first, the risk increases, since the inflammation of the peritoneum is very dangerous.
Problems related to pregnancy
The ectopic pregnancy or ectopic happens when the egg is fertilized outside the uterus commonly in the fallopian tubes. The symptoms presented are large hemorrhages, pain in the abdomen and pelvis and shoulder discomfort.
The latter is due to the accumulation of blood in the diaphragm, which can occur if one of the tubes is damaged. This type of pregnancy usually requires a miscarriage, because if the fallopian tubes are broken the consequences could be fatal for the mother.
Spontaneous abortion is a very frequent severe abdominal pain in pregnancy causes. It usually occurs between 13 and 20 weeks and is accompanied by a large hemorrhage. It can also include back cramps and sudden loss of other gestational symptoms.
It is a sad situation for the mother, but we must bear in mind that nature is wise. If the embryo is not prepared to survive, it is best that the body itself eliminate it. Later pregnancies may be more fruitful.
It is a serious gestational complication. It occurs when the placenta detaches (partially or totally) from the uterus before the time of delivery. Sometimes, it occurs through a great loss of blood, but sometimes not, which makes the situation even more dangerous.
It is usually accompanied by cramps, contractions, and pains in the gut. It is also possible to stop noticing the baby. The most common cases occur during the third trimester of pregnancy and may be an indicator of premature delivery.
The Preeclampsia is usually diagnosed with high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The most serious cases can lead to a lack of vision, as well as severe headaches. The inability to breathe correctly and the swelling of the body are also characteristic of this disorder.
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If you notice any of these symptoms, it is essential that you see your doctor immediately. Untreated preeclampsia can cause damage to the liver, brain, kidneys, and fetus. It is also possible to experience as a consequence a strange and rapid weight gain, caused by fluid retention.
Premature birth is one that takes place before 37 weeks of gestation. It is always linked to contractions, which are the indicators that the baby is on the way. Pressure in the pelvis increases, as does the discharge of fluid or fluid through the vagina.
Currently, premature births do not represent any problem. Advances in medicine allow a child or even 6 months to survive thanks to incubators, something unthinkable half a century ago.
If you find yourself facing any of these situations, it is best to keep calm. The more serene you are, the easier everything will be and the lighter the pain will seem. The most important thing is to follow the instructions of the doctor or obstetrician and let them take care of everything.