Social inequality is a problem that affects the socioeconomic welfare of citizens of a state, community or country. Social inequalities are closely related to social injustices and in the most extreme cases they turn out to be a violation of human rights.
Next, 9 extreme examples of social inequality that exist in the world are described. In this way, we can become more aware of the injustices so that we think of solutions that help everyone to enjoy the same rights and benefits respecting our differences in class, race, economic situation, ethnicity or gender.
Examples of Social Inequality
The following are examples of social inequality among us;
The disparity between the rich and the poor is increasingly accentuated. Billionaires are getting richer and the poor are dragged into increasingly extreme poverty.
People in extreme poverty tend to be excluded due to lack of resources to get out of this situation. In addition, the social assistance they could receive requires bureaucratic, complicated or inaccessible administrative processes.
The role of social workers in many countries does not cover all marginalized families, perpetuating the state of constant vulnerability in which they find themselves.
Unemployment and precarious work
Unemployment rates are increasingly high and the difference in productivity per worker between urban regions and other areas is significant. In Mexico, for example, it reaches a difference of 30%, being one of the highest among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Soft laws or their non-existence towards companies that hire informal workers increases precarious work. The informality present in these labor relations also facilitates the exploitation of the individual. In addition, the lack of knowledge about the labor subsidies that exist for these workers increases precariousness.
Malnutrition and infant mortality
According to data from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 5.6 million children starve to death every year due to poor quality or poor hygiene. In addition, the increase in early pregnancies in girls and adolescents increases the risk of children without sufficient sustenance for a healthy life.
Ethnic and cultural discrimination
Differentiated treatment due to a person’s ethnic or cultural origin causes isolation, marginalization, and discrimination of social actors with less social power. Those who receive preferential treatment because of their condition cause inequality in access to the same resources.
The distinction of classes can be seen, for example, in the treatment of society towards native peoples and indigenous populations. This generates a social inequality that manifests itself in the belonging of these groups to the poorest social strata, which entails the difficulties inherent in this condition.
Shortage of access to education
School education is a fundamental right. Despite this, many countries, states and communities do not have the right to education due to lack of public education coverage. This causes a deficiency in the skills necessary for entering the labor market.
On the other hand, the terms of paternity and maternity leave are minimal or non-existent in many countries. This hinders the stability and care that the child needs, including entering the formal education system.
The tax regime favorable to the wealthiest companies and people creates a disparity in benefits, assets and economic power. An example of this is the existence of tax havens, tax evasion, and tax evasion, all of which reduce government revenues that could be used to generate employment, education and social services.
The credibility of the fiscal rule makes fiscal policy more inclusive, sustainable and transparent.
According to the OECD, Turkey, Mexico and Israel are the countries with the highest income inequality compared to other countries in the world. This economic disparity causes a decrease in the quality of life, in the access to basic resources due to poverty, and in the well-being and prosperity of the individual.
Concentration of political power
The existence of privileged sectors generalizes corruption and crime within the political sphere. In addition, it creates unreliable judicial processes by increasing class discrimination and social injustice.
Women and minority sexual communities (LGBT) are generally subject to discriminatory practices in the workplace, affective and social. This makes them more vulnerable to discrimination and gender violence.
In this sense, gender inequality causes a decrease in opportunities, increasing disparities regarding housing, safety, and health.
Now that you know about the Examples of Social Inequality, let us try to reduce it as much as possible in our own little way.